The Huguenot Society

of the

Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia




We under written, the Refugees, French Ministers in England, having understood by a Letter which my Lord, the Bishop of London, who at present is in Holland, hath writ to Monsieur le Coq, Counsellor in the Parliament of Paris, and an illustrious Confessor of the Truth, the strange Reports that have been spread, as if we were not found in the Faith, and particularly with relation to the Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, and Grace and the need there is to dissipate the same; and being moreover perswaded that by this Explication of our Belief we shall perform a thing that will serve for the Edification and Consolation of our Brethren, and will have its fruit, if the Lord please, especially in the Land of our Nativity, after some Amicable and Brotherlv Conferences we have had upon this matter, in the presence of Monsieur le Coq, we have all of us agreed to declare, as we do in the Sincerity of our Hearts:

 I. That we Believe the whole Scripture Divinely Inspir'd, so that all Men are obliged to receive everything therein Revealed with an entire supmission of Faith.
II. That we receive with Reverence and supmission whatsoever the Scripture teacheth concerning the Nature of God and his Attribuies, of his Spirituality, Incomprehensibility, Infinitiveness, Prescience, even of Future Contingencies, and of all others, the said Scripture attributes to him.
III. That we Believe also what it delivers concerning the Trinity of Persons in one only Divine Essence, and concerning the Incarnation of the Son, according as the said Articles are set down in the VI, XIV, and XV of the Confession of Faith of the Reformed Churches of France.
lV. That we hold also as an Article of our Faith, That Jesus Christ, by dying on the Cross, hath not only left us an Example that we should follow his Footsteps, but moreover, that his Principal Design therein was to satisfie the Divine Justice for us in bearing the Punishment of our Sins, as he actually did.
V. That we detest the Opinions of Socinus, and of all others that are contrary to the foremention'd Truths; not considering them as Innocent Opinions, or Tolerable Errors, but as Heresies which absolutely overturn the Foundations of the Christian Faith, and that consequently we can have no Religious Communion with those that follow them or teach them.
VI. That we do also condemn their Opinion, who deny the inward and immediate Operation of the Holy Ghost in the Conversion of Man to God, and who pretend that the Holy Ghost doth not so open the Hearts as to make Men believe the Word, incline them to love God, and to obev his Commandments.

We trust that God will give us his Grace to preserve the Doctrine pure and entire to our last Breath, and to evidence it as well in our publick Sermons as in our private Conversations.

 London, the 30th of March, 1691.

 T. Satur, formerly Minister of Montauban, Moderator.
A Piozet, formerly Minister of Mans, Joint-Moderator.
C. G. Lanzothe, formerly Minister of Rouen, Secretary.
Du Bourdieu, formerly Minister of Montpelier.
Le Chenevix, formerlv Minister at Mante.
P. Charles, formerly Minister at Mauvesin.
L. Rival formerly Minister at Saliéz.
O. Champion, formerly Minister at Mougon.
Benjamin de Daillón, formerly Pastor of the Church of Roehefaucault.
Sers, formerly Minister in the Church of Montredon.
La Cauc, formerly Minister at Castres.
De Guilhem, formerly Minister at Brebyeres, in Peregord.
J Lovis Malide, formerly Minister at Casteljaloux.
De Primerose, Minister of the French Church of London.
Mitault, formerly Minister at Chef Boutonne.
Samuel Metayer, Minister of St. Quentin.
De Joux, formerly Pastor of the Reformed Church of Lyon.
P. Testas, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Milhan in Gutenne.
Marc Vernoux, formerly Minister of the Church of Mazemet, in Languedoc.
Fauleon, formerly Minister at Fecamp, in Normandy.
Betoule, formerly Minister of Duras.
J Campredon, formerly Minister of the Church of St. Aignan upon the Maine, in France.
Jean Farcy, Minister of the Church of Mouchamp, in Low Poicton.
Jacques Severin, formerly Minister at Chery ley Rosais, in Forache.
A Testas. formerly Minister at Poitiers.
Jacques Tirel, formerly Minister at St. Vaast.
Canolle, Minister of Gontauld.
Pont, formerly Minister of Mareres.
Jean Gommare, Minister of Mussidan, in the Dutchy of La Force.
Bazgnoux, formerly Minister at Poitiers.
David Grimaudet, formerly Minister of the Church of Desaigne.
Jacques Douks, formerly Minister at Angles.
Pierre Fontaine, formerly Minister of Royan.
Daniel du Tens, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Angers.
I Solinhac, formerly Minister at Realville.
Pierre Souchet, formerly Minister at Roehouard.
Jacob de Boussignac, formerly Minister at Puyeasque.
J Bardon, formerly Minister of Bruinquel.
Jean Baron, formerly Minister of Mazemet.
Jean Molles, formerly Minister of Cardathac.
Dan'iel Chais la Place, formerly Minister of la Grave, in Dauphint.
Le Sauvage, formerly Minister at Aleason.
Jean Cabibal, formerly Minister of Brassac.
Etienne Mo/ener, formerly Minister de Lisle, in Jordain.
Philippa la Loe, formerly Minister at Orbec.
Jean Couyer, formerly Pastor of Linieres, in Angoumars.
Jacob Asselin, formerly Minister at Dieppe.
Jean Forent, formerly Minister of the Church of Syon, in Bretagne.
C. Pegorier, formerly Minister of Havre.
Charles Berthean, formerly Minister of Paris.
P Roussilion, formerly Minister of the Baronny of Montreden, in the Lower Languedoc.
P. Pezé Degalimere formerly Minister at Mans.
Barthelomy Balagnier, formerly of the Church of Aiguefonde in the High Languedoc.
Paul Gravisset, formerly Minister at Ardenay, in the Country of Maine.
Jean Boudet, formerly Minister at Genebrieres.
Joseph de la Mothe, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Puymiral.
Jouneau formerly Minister at Barbesieux.
J. Lions formerly Minister at Monlelimart.
Gabriel Barbier, Minister at Greenwich.
Pierre Blanc, Minister.
Rival, Minister.
J Lombard, formerly Minister at Angers.
J Majon, formerly Minister at Ciré.
Durad Raoux, formerly Minister of St. Privat.
J Graverol, formerly Minister at Lyons.
Jacques Laborie, Minister.
Bardielomy Basset, Minister.
J M Verchiere, Minister.
Abraham Gilbert, formerly Minister at Melle.
Jean Charpentier, Minister.
Charles Contet, Minister.
Antoine Review, Minister.
H de Rocheblave, Minister.
Jean le Febre, Minister.
A. Lombard, Minister.
Jean Bernard, Minister.
Eliscé Gerauld, Minister.
Brocus de Hondesplens, formerly Minister of Casteljaloux.
Mole, formerly Minister of the Place de Barre, in Cevennes.
Jacques Misson, formerly Minister at Niort.
Pierre Bossatran, formerly Minister at Niort, in Poiton.
Michel David, formerly Minister of my Lady Dutchess de la Force.
Pierre Ticier, formerly Minister of Mauvesin.
Jean Ia Mot/he Minister of the Church of la Baslide Ronaisouse.
Michel Cordier, formerly Minister of Fieux.
Bertheau the Elder, Minister of the Church of Montpelier.
La Riviere, formerly Minister at Toulouse.
Brevet, formerly Minister of the Church of Dompierre and Bourumf
A. Forues, Minister.
A. Richard, formerly Minister of Esperausses, in Languedoc.
P. Astrac, Minister of the Church of la Gazelle, in Auvergue.
Jean Chabbert, Minister.
La Porte, formerly Minister of the Church of Agen, in Low Guienne.
J. Dejoux, Junior, Chaplain in their Majesty's Ship the Northumberland.
A. de St. Denys, formerly Minister at Sancourt, in Normandy.


 (Presented in the year 1698.)

Whereas, His Majesty has been pleas'd to refer to your L'ps the care and Disposal of a Considerable number of French and Vaudois Refugees that have had ye hard fortune to be driven out of their Country on account of their Religion, and some Proposals have been offered to your L'ps for ye sending 'em to a small Tract of Land lying betwixt Virginia and Carolina, which the Proprietors of Carolina call, and order to Settle a New Colony there; Upon a full enquiry into ye matter, and a due examination of all circumstances, I humbly conceive it will appear that Territory is upon no account so fit a Place for this small Colony as ye upper Parts of James River in Virg'a, and that for these several Reasons:

 1. Because that part of lower Norfolk claim'd by No. Carolina, to the Southward of Corotuck, is, according to its name, for ye most part, low Swampy ground, unfit for planting and Improvement, and ye air of it very moist and unhealthy, so that to send Frenchmen thither that came from a dry and Serene Clymate were to send 'em to their Graves, and that wou'd very ill answer his Maj'ty's charitable Intention, and prove as unsuccessfull as ye late expedition to Darien, whereas, on ye contrary, ye upper part of James River affords as good land and as wholesome Air at any Place in America, and here is room enough for 'em to live Comfortably altogether under a very easy Governm't tho' perhaps it were better that they were to be disperst in small numbers all over ye Country, for then they would he less Capable of raising any disturbance and wou'd be much more easily Supply'd w'th necessarys towards their first Settlement.

 2. In that part of Virginia they will not be put to so many difficultys and distress'd at their first Settlem't as of necessity they must in that dismal part of Carolina, Provisions being there much Cheaper and Assistances of all kinds nearer at hand, and then ye Expence of settling them will be much more reasonable, for if these poor wretches be sent recommended to Collo. Nicholson, Gove'r of Virg'a, he will be exceedingly active in an undertaking of so great Charity, and will place them in such a part of ye Country as may be most happy for them, and by his generous Example will encourage other People of supstance to contribute their assistance.

 3. There is a Dispute betwixt the Government of Virginia and ye Proprietors of Carolina about this Tract of Land which they call Lower Norfolk, for Carolina pretends, by virtue of its Patent, to extend its bounds as far as 36 Degrees and an half, w'ch takes in no more than part of this Territory, So that if these poor People shou'd go to settle there they wou'd be under a perpetual Vexation, both from these Proprietors and from Virginia, and in a Little time wou'd grow so uneasy under these and a hundred other hardships that those who surviv'd wou'd be forct [sic] to disperse themselves into Virg'a and Carolina, for which reason 'twill save them a great deal of Inconvenience to send 'em directly to Virginia.

 4. 'Twill be more for ye Interest of His Majesty and of the Kingdom of England to send them to Virg'a, for 'tis well known how usefull such supject there is to this Nation, Whereas in a New Colony 'twill be long before they'll be able to Supply their own necessitys, and much longer before they can possibly yield any advantage to England.

 5. In a competition betwixt a Plantation belonging to ye King and another belonging to Proprietors, the first ought always, in duty and by Virtue of ye Prerogative, to be prefer'd.

 6. If these People shou'd be settled in that Fog end of N. Carolina under the Proprietors, all our Criminals and Servants wou'd run away thither for protection, as those of Maryland do to Pensilvania, and those of New York to ye Jerseys, and they'll be sure to receive 'em upon good Terms for ye Service and advancement of their new Colony, and I humbly supmit it to your L'd'ps' Consideration whether it were not necessary to injoin all Governors, under Severe penaltys, to cause diligent Search to be made after all Such Fugitives, and to send 'em back to ye Province from whence they made their Escape, for hitherto the Governor of Proprietys have been particularly deaf to all Such Complaints, to the great prejudice of his Maj't's more usefull Plantations ; and, indeed, if the illegal Trade, Entertainment and Protection of Pyrates and other foul Practices of those lawless Governments were fully understood, the King wou'd be so far from establishing of New Proprietys that He wou'd have good Reason, as well as legal Title, to seize the old ones. So that I hope your L'ps, upon Consideration of all these particulars, will please to determine this matter in favour of Virginia, which prides it self on being ye most advantageous to ye Crown of England of all its Dominions on the Continent.

 W. BYRD.2


An acc't of what Contributions ye ffrench Refugees have rec'd.

£ s d
Of Mr. Devest 25 0 0
Of Mr. John Sehult, 5s. in snuff-boxes.
Of Mr. Jaquean, 6£ 5s. in one ffusil.
Of Mr. Perodin, 8£ 15s. in Taffety Caps.
Of Mr. Deguerin 1 5 0
Of Mr. Nicholay & Hamilton, 25£ in 3 watches and 3 paires of Pistols.
Of Mr. de Lafontode, 1 5 0
Of Mr. Rozier, 1£ 5s. in powder.
Of Mr. Brebant 2 10 0
Of Mr. Stringer, jo£ in fusils.
Of Mr. Laurent, 3£ 15s. in Shotts and powder,
Of Mr. Sehult and Maille, 65£,-vizt : 22£ l0s. to Doctor Coxe, and 42£ l0s. in tooles and other goods taken with them to fflorida and Carolina.
Of Mr. Bachelier 1 5 0
Of Mr. Hardouin 1 5 0
Of Mrs. de Laurancy and her daughter 2 10 0
Of Mr. Tutet 6 2 6
Of Mr. Dupont 9 15 0
Of Mr. De la Porte 1 5 0
Of Mr. De Lorn 25 0 0
Of Mis. Perodin, her daughter and 2 Sons, 5 0 0
Of Mrs. Perodin and her daughter, yet in fringe, gloves, Masks and 8£ 15s. carried to Carolina.
Of Mr. Morand 1 5 0
Of Mr. Bonvet 2 10 0
Of Mr. Giborne 2 10 0
Of Mr. Ducles Payen 2 10 0
Of Mr, Perrodin, 2£ 10s. in a little watch carried to Carolina.
Of Mr. Maille, 2£, 10s. in Gloves and hat bands carried to Carolina.
Of Mr. ffrallon 1 5 0
Of Mr. Valoue 1 5 0
Of Mr. Rambonnet, ?-vizt: 18£ 10s. to Doctor Coxe, in Canary wine, and ye rest in other goods taken away by him to Carolina.
Of Mr. Harvey and Mr. Syms 50
Of Mr. Roger, 30
Of Mrs. D'Heruart and Bodan,  2 10 0
Of Mr. St. Germane, 1 5 0
Of Mr. Poher de Bretigny 1 5 0
Of Mr. and Mrs. de Lange 2 10 0
Of Mrs. Brunn and Ianthiall 2 10 0
Of Mr. Sarasin, Minister 2 10 0
Of Mr. de Mirmand 1 5 0
Of Mr. Dumarest d' Antoguy 1 5 0
Of Mr. Benuerige 1 5 0
Of Mrs. Perrodin, yet 5£ in Linnen Cloth.
Of Mrs. Daversey and Le Bas 1 5 0
Of Mrs. Crassin, 2£, 10s. in Silk Caps.
Of Mr. Saye, 3£ 15s.; returned unto him 1 5 0
Of Mr. fferrier, 6£ 5s.; returned unto him 3£ 15s. and so 2 10 0
Of Mr. Oger, 3£ 15s. returned unto him.
Of Mrs. Perrodin, yet 1£ 5s. in butter.
Of Mr. Billot, 5£ in shoes.
Of Mr. Dejoux, 2£ l0s. in a note of 30s upon a man in Ireland, who is not to be found, and 20 shillings, so 1 0 0
£195 12 6


Monsieur de Joux, minister, 1 David Menestrier, 1
Jean Bossard, sa femme and 3 enfans, 5 Jacob Fleurnoir, sa femme, 2 garcons and 2 fille 6
Jean Morroe, 4 1 David Blevet, sa femme and 6enfans, 8
Pierre Masset, 1 Elizabeth Lemat, 1
Solomon Jourdan, 1 Abraham Le Foix, sa femme and 4 enfans, 6
Estienne Chabran, sa femme, 2 Jean Aunant, sa femme and un fille, 3
Susanne Soblet and 3 Enfans, 4 Jean Genge de Melvis, 1
Jean Hugon, 1 ffrancois de Launay and un enfans 2
Michel Michel, 1 Gaspart, sa femme and 7 enfans 9
Theodore de Rousseau, 1 Samuel Mountier, sa femme and deux enfans, 4
Pierre Cavalier, sa femme and un garcon, 3 Jacques Corbell, 1
Pierre Anthonie Eupins, 1 Jacob Capen, 1
Isaac Le ffeure, 5 1 Isaac Troc, 1
Jean Martain, 1 Elié Gastand, 1
Jean Combelle, 1 Anthonie Boignard, 1
Pierre Renaud, 1 Nicholas Mare, sa femme and 2 enfans 4
Marthien Roussel, 1 Jacques Feuillet and sa femme, 2
Augustin Coullard, 1 Pierre Sarazin, 1
Jean Coullard, 1 Jean Perrachou, 1
Jacques du Crow, sa femme and une ffille, 3 Phillippe Claude, 1
Paul Laurion, 1 Simon Hugault, 1
Moise Broc, 1 Samuel Barrel, 1
Jean Pierre Bondurand, 1 Gaspar Gueruer, sa femme and 3 enfans, 5
Pierre La Badie, 1 Jean Soulegre, 1
Guilleaume Rullet, 1 Louis Desfontaine, and sa femme, 2
Anthony Gioudar, 1 Daniel Rogier, 1
Anne Carbonnet and un enfans, 2 Pierre Gosfand, 1
Guillemme Guervot, sa femme and un garcon 2 Solomon Ormund, 1
Louis Robert and un fille, 2 Louis Geoffray, 1
Estienne Tauvin, sa femme and 2 enfans 4 Maize Verneuil, sa femme and 5 enfans 7
Paul Castiche, 1 Joseph Olivier, 6 1
Jean Mazeris, 1 Jacques Faucher, 1
Noel Delamarre, sa femme and un fille, 3 Pierre La Grand, sa femme and 5 enfans 7
Jean Le Vilain, 1 Pierre Prevol, 1
Jean Marisset, 1 Daniel Riches, 1
Jean Maillard and 3 enfans, 4 ffrancis Clapie, 1
Thimotthee Roux, 1 Jacob Riché, sa femme and un enfans 3
Gaspart Guamondet and sa femme, 2 Mathieu Passedoit, 1
Jean Pilard, 1 Pierre Hiuert, 1
Estienne Ocosand, 1 Michel Fournet, sa femme and deux enfans, 4
Abraham Remis, sa femme, 2 Jean Monnicat, 1
Jean Le Franc Vudurand, 1 Simon Faucher, 1
Daniel Maison Dieu, 1
Pierre Baudry, 1 [TOTAL] 169


Of Mr. Devest,
Of Mr. de la Barthe,  
Of Mr Praivmaux,
Of Mr. Lantier,  
Of Mr. Des Esserts,  
Of Mr. de Bettens,  
Of Mr. Ysuard Du Terrier,
Of Mr. Kilchberger,  
Of Mr. and Mrs. de Saumaise,  
Of Mr. Chamberlaine, 1430
Of Coll. Harrison
Of Mr. ffowler,
Of Mr. Edward
In all,

Besides 20£ given in London by Mr. Moor's Executors to assist Several who had been there along while waiting for the Imbarkation, and which have been distributed accordingly, and 20£ given by Mr. Harvey which we caused to be put into the hands of Mr. Dejoux, who distributed them, and 4£ given by Mr. ffoüace at James Towne to be distributed, one £ to Mr. Nan, one £ to Badoüet, 10x. to Mr. Delorn for a lame woman and a fatherlesse boy living with him, 2 s. 6 d. to Troüillard which occasioning severall others to complain wee gave yet of our owne money 20s. to Mr. Brouse saying that was also in want and could not relieve his Son and his Cosin who were very sick.


£ s
In Rotterdam for ye Charges of 2 days of 75 come from Switzerland, 7 12
To a man who made 2 peticons in English for the King, 5
To Capt. Yeoman, with whom we had agreed first at 6£ a head, 32£ but because he could not fitt out his vessell--and Capt. Hawes promising to transport y'm for 5£ if we would advance 100£ and hold one-4th part of the Ship--we thought it more advantageous to loose 32£, and to venture £100 to spare 5 or £6, as we have done, and so, 32 0
ffor all ye Charges of Letters of ye Committees of Sollicitations and Expeditions of ye officers of Councill of the Lords Commissioners for trade and plantations of ye Treasury, and of ye two Secretaries, and of ye Committee for disposall of the money and to fetch it 29 14
for all ye Charges of Courteers and voyages to look for Ships to make ye bargaines and treatys to pay the tradesmen and of ye Imbarkation 15 16
To Capt. Hawes for one-4th part of ye Shipp,  100 0
To the Custome-house for Cooks, Warrants, dutys of beddings and other goods, and to the Surveyors and Clerks, &c.,  18 4
To Capt. Hawes for ye passage 945 0 0
To Mr. Roger for books 30 0
for Brandy, Sugar, figgs, raisons and sugar, biscuits for the sick, 5 0
ffor the six pence a head to ye custom of Graves end 5 2
To ye ship's crew for brandy 0 15
To three of our men, one to serve in ye kitchen and 2 to cleane ye shipp for 14 weekes, 2 7
To the Marriners in James River 1 2
To ye Cooke, 5
To Ompton 7 to make ye Declaration, and to York to give his Excellency the King's Letter 9
To 2 men of Mr. Servant, who brought fruite, sider and milke to our people, 2
To Mr. Servant for 4 busshels of Salt, 0 11
For a boat to put some people ashoare, and to goe to Mr Servant for a Certificate how he saw Capt. Hawes abuse us and our goods, and to bring ye salt,  3
To Capt. Hawes for Hamacks, brandy, and other extraordinarys according to his note 21 8
for bread and baggs given to the people of James Town, upon ye Road 17 18
at ye falls and in Manikin Towne for a barrell of Butter 1 10
for 2s. 6d. a head given to one hundred goeing by land 12 10
To those who have loaden ye 2 first Sloops 6
for a great pewter dish lent to ye people and lost 10
for 2 Muttons Killed at ye falls for ye people 17
To Champayne for dressing ye meat 2 dayes in the Towne 2
To the Troops who went up with us to Manikin Towne 15
for Smelt and Price Sloops, 10 12
for a boat to load the last sloope 0 7
To the men who set some of our people over James River, 5
for 3 great baggs 12
for 3 horses, one Collar, Saddle, for Cart, the pasture, fferrys, &c., &c., 16 18
for one Bullock at ye falls 2 10
To Capt. Weebb for 3 beefs, Come, onions, tobacco, one Saddle, 4 Pannells and furnitures, &c., &c., 17 6
for 6 bundles of bed ropes, 3 of lines, 3 Cows' bells, two Lanthornes, 24 Girtes, one Leather halter, four paires of leather Stirrups, one Estrille, &c., &c. 2 9
for 2 Sithes and furnitures 11
for 10 pounds of Shoe thread, 12 Knives, one other cutting-Knife and awl blades, men's and 2 3
woman's Lasts, tacks, punch, blades, &c., &c., 1 11
for Joiners' tooles, 3
To Morel and Marche for 13 dayes to ye mill 13
To Boff and Moriset 6
To Sugre and Orange for baking 15
To Richard de Pré and Gacory, Senior, for marking and clearing the Cart road and ye streets of the Towne, 19
To Mr. Hatcher for carrying up Meale and goods 3 10
for one Grindstone and bands 17
for ye Charges of ye second Journey to James Towne, the first having been returned, 18
To Mattory, Sugre and Cuper for bringing a barrell of fish from ye River, and for clearing the Cart road, 10
To Cuper for his Sabre broken by ye sentry upon the Shipp, 2
To Voyer and Panetier to dig a little store in ye ground, 5
To Mr. Verry for seven dayes to the mill and to fetch the cart 7
for ye Journey to Apomatox and ye ferryes, 12
To Mr. Ascough for peas, and ye carrying y'm up w'th some meale and goods, 2 0
To Bouchet, Panetier, and Gaury, Junior, for 12 days in the woods, 12
To Gaury, Senior, for the supsistance of his child remaining of his passage, 1 7
To Du Tartre and Sassin for 33 dayes worke in the Kitchin to ye Mill, marking and clearing the Cart Road, 1 13
for great Nailes for the Pares doors 
To ye Miller to suffer our people by his fire and to dispatch them. 2
To Capt. Hebbs for one Cart and 6 busshells of Onions, 3 11
To Mr. Dejoux at Williamsburgh 10
To Capt. Cocke and his brother for To Cowes and a Calfe, 23 11
for ye Journey to Capt. Hebbe and Williamsburgh, and ye fferrys going and comeing, 1 9
To Mrs. Ascough and Druly for carrying up meal and goods, 3 2
To Morel for the supsistance of his child remaining of his passage, 1 7
To Mr. Ascough for carrying 600 meal 18
To Jouany for 2 bushells of peas, carryed up, 11
for one wheat mill and wheele 3 10
To Mr. Chastain for ye supsistance of his 4 chilldren remaining of their passage, 10
To Saum for his child 1 7
To ye widow ffaure for her child, 1 7
To the new Miller 2
To Mr. Ascough for Come, 1 7
for Corne for ye Horse 1 0
for severall presents in Snuff boxes and money to people kind and helpfull to us, 4 10
To Mr. Phillipe, Minister, and others in money to assist them in their distemper, and tooles to put them to work above, 42 17 3/9 
To the carpenter and workmen who have cut downe, sawne and prepared timbers for ye Church and minister's house, 5 8
ffor the Charges of this Journey and severall others to the Mill, to ye falls, to Capt. Weebb, &c., &c., 0 0
£ 1,422 03 11/ 9 
Money received, £ 1,443 12 06 
Money disburst, 1,422 03 11
Remaines, £ 21 08 7

Pierre Labadie - 1
Samuel Aulegues, sa femme et deux enfans, - 4
Estienne Asseau, - 1
Pierre Baudry - 1
Anthoine Boignaut - 1
Jean Pierre Bondurant - 1
Jean Bossart, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Daniel Blouet, sa femme et sept enfans - 9
Jean Brand - 1
Moyle Broc - 1
Jacob Capon - 1
Paul Castiche - 1
Pierre Cavalier, sa femme et un enfant - 3
Estienne Chabran, et sa femme - 2
Anne Charboneau et 2 enfans - 3
ffrancois Clapier, - 1
Jean Combel - 1
Jaques Corbet - 1
Augustin Coliart, - 1
Anthoyne Dupuy 8 -1
Jean Burraud - 1
Isaac le Feme - 1
Jacob Fleminoje, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Louis de Fontaines, et sa femme - 2
Abram Le Foy, sa femme et quatre enfans - 6
Elie Castral - 1
Anthoyne Guiodan - 1
Jean George de Melez - 1
Pierre le Grand,9 sa femme et cinq enfans, - 7
Simon Hugaut - 1
Salomen Jourdan - 1
Gaspard Kernent, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Lavfue de Launay (alias francoise de Monine), - 1
Elizabet Leurat, - 1
Jean Hugon, - 1
Jeane Malard, ve fue a trois enfans, - 4
Nicholas Mare, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Noé de la Mare, sa fem me et Un enfant, - 3
Jean Maricet, - 1
Jean Marot, - 1
Pierre Massot - 1
Jean Mautin, - 1
Jean Maseres, - 1
David Menetrie, -
Michel Michel, - 1
Joseph Olivier, -
Jean Onan, sa femme et un enfant, - 3
Pierre Prevot, - 1
Abram Remy, et sa femme, -
Josue Petit, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Loüys Robert, et sa fille, - 2
Jaques Riche, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Theodore Rousseau, - 1
Mathieu Roussel, - 1
Timothié Roux, - 1
Guillaum Rullean, -1
Susanne Soblet, et trois enfans, - 4
Jean Soulegre, - 1
Estienne Tanin, et sa femme, - 2
Isaac Troe, - 1
Jean Vilain, - 1
Moyre Verrüeil, sa femme et cinq enfans, - 7
Gaspard Sobry, sa femme et sept enfans, - 9

ffait ce I. Xbre 1700.
B. De Joux, Ministre.

 3me Convoy.

Jean Reniol, - 1
Anthoyne Rambæye - 1
ffrancois Agnast, - 1
Pierre Rondere, - 1
Jaques Giraut, - 1
Jaques Roux, - 1
[Total] - 145

 fait ce I, Xbre 1700;
B. De Joux, ministre.

 S'r,-Here enclosed is a copy of ye List of ye Refugees given to ye Miller, as it has been sent unto mee by Messrs. de Joux and Philipe under their hands; but there is no corn, and Mr. de Saillee lying here sick since he came from Westopher, and having already provided all what he could, cannot supply them any longer; so I don't know what to do unless some care be taken to send some corn up. I heard that y'r Excellency hath our Indenture of the Lands we have purchased in fflorida; so I desire y'r Exc'y to send it up to mee, keeping a copie if you please, because it cost us a great deal of money, which we expect to recover, or part of it. I wish also that ye Factious and scandalous Petition presented by Mr. de joux be delivered unto me if you please, or burnt, to pacifie all what is past, avoid complaints and disputes, and to procure Peace and Love.

 Mr. Philipe haveing no allowance in England is not able to supsist with his wife unless your Exc'y grant him some money out of the gratifications made to the refugees which shall be a Charity very great and necessary. I desire Coll. Byrd to lett me know if I can have accommodations to go to England in one of ye Ships Lying by Westopher; after his answer I shall endeavor to go to Williamsburgh to take my leave, and to assure your Excellency that I will ever be,

 S'r, y'r Exc'y's most humble and most obed't serv't,


 ye 15th of ffeb., 1700 [1701].

 To his Exc'y ffrancis Nicholson, Esq., his Maj'y's L't and Gov'r Gen'l of Virginia at Williamsburgh.

Mr. De Joux, Philipe and his wife, - 3
Mallett and his wife, - 2
Moulin and his wife, - 2
Jonthier, Farcy, and Chastain, - 3
Nicod, Duloy, and Minot, - 3
Jouany and his wife, - 2
Gaury, his wife and one child, - 3
Tho. Constantine, - 1
ffaure, his brother, and 2 Sisters, - 4
Tillou, Tignaw, and Bilboa, - 3
Laureau, Parontes, and his sister, - 3
Bazoil, Voyer, and his wife, - 3
the two Gourdonnes - 2
Gowry and his wife - 2
Guichet and Panetier,11 - 2
Savin and his Mother, - 2
Chambor, his wife, and Peru, - 3
Malver his wife and her father, - 3
Brousse, his son and Corine, - 3
Arnaud and his wife,12 - 2
Chalaine and 5 children - 6
Godriet, Lavigne13 and Saye - 3
Chenas and Augustin Symend, - 2
Verau and his wife, - 2
Soblet, his wife and 5 children, - 7
Verry and Gigon, - 2
Katharine Billet, -1
Guerin and Sassin - 2
Chalanier, his wife and one child, - 3
Tonin and his wife, - 2
Da Tartre and Cupper - 2
Bernard,14 his wife and Caboine, - 3
Richard and his wife, - 2
Morell, his wife and one child - 3
Cantepie and Castra, - 2
Le Febvre, Martin and Robert, - 3
Onan, his wife and one child, - 3
Michel and his wife, - 2
La Vilain and Remy, - 2
ffoix, his wife and four children, - 6
Sobriche, his wife and seven children, - 9
hugon and le Roux, - 2
Bossard, his wife and 3 chil'n, - 5
Durand and his wife, - 2
Clapier, Du Puy, Joseph and Brooke, - 4
Chabran and his wife, - 2
Chinandan, his wife and 2 chil'n - 4
Des Rousseau and Morisset, - 2
Labadie, Castige, Rounel, de Logny, and Mazel, - 5
Legrand, his wife and 6 chil'n, - 8
Malarde and 3 children, - 4
Richet, his wife and 2 children, - 4
Corbet and Bonduran, - 2
Mare, his wife and 2 children, - 4
Des fontaine and his wife, - 2
Baudry, hugo, and Prevost, - 3
Trion, his wife and one child, - 3
Riviole, Rambrey and De Launay, - 3
fflemnois, his wife and 3 children, - 5
Jourdan and his wife, - 2
Verdüil, his wife and 5 children, - 7
Bloüet, his wife and seven children, - 9
La Maro, his wife and Petit, - 3
Cavalier, his wife and one child, - 3
Gerner, his wife and 3 children - 5
Samuel, his wife and two children, - 4
Durand, Boignan, Morizet, - 3
In All - 218

 If any of the above named don't settle above, or leave their settlement, or dye, their names are to be blotted out upon ye advices of Mr. de Joux or Philipe, given every month to ye said Miller, who is desired to distribute unto them by turne such meale as he shall have for them without partiality, and so doing he shall oblige his servant at Capt. Webb's15 house.

 This 4th of ffeb'r, 1700 [1701.] OLIVIER DE LA MUCE.

Mons'r Latane, 16 Ministre, Madame sa femme un Enfan unne Servante, - 4
Mr. Daniel Braban, sa femme, 3 enfans, 1 garcon, - 6
Jean Pierre Gargean, sa femme, 3 enfans, - 5
Jacob Amonet,17 sa femme, 4 enfans, - 6
Paul Papin - 1
Jean Leroy - 1
Jacques Lacaze, -
Jean Dubroq - 1
Catharine Basel, une fille, - 2
Ester Lefebre, - 1
Ester Martin, un enfan, - 2
ffrancois Ribot, - 1
Joseph Molinie, sa femme, - 2
Leon Auguste Chareitié, sa femme - 2
Jean Barachin, sa femme, - 2
Joseph Caillau, and sa femme, - 2
Jean Dauphin, - 1
Jeane Bellin, - 1
Margueritte Gautie - 1
Marie Mallet - 1
Thomas Deneille, [Deneale]- 1
Jacques Macan, et sa femme - 2
Jean Thomas and sa femme [settled in SC]- 2
Jean Robert, sa femme and une fille - 3
Alexandre Madouy - 1
Noel Richemon and sa femme, - 2
Jean ffonnielle and sa femme, - 2
Estienne Bocar, sa femme and 2 enfans, - 4
Jaques ffradot - 1
Gabriel Maupain, [Maupin] sa femme and 3 enfans - 5
Jacob Sponge and sa femme - 2
Ester Duncan - 1
Jaques Hernon, - 1
Jean Chaperon, 21- 1
ffrancois Felsau, - 1
Jean Pram, - 1
Salomon Taniere and sa femme, - 2
Pierre Odias, - 1
Jean ffaouton, - 1
Pierre fferré, sa femme and un enfant, 22- 3
francois Gonfan, sa femme and sa fille - 3
Lazare Lataniere and sa femme, - 2
Jean Belbe, - 1
Jacques Delinet, - 1
Salomon Bricou and sa femme, - 1
Glaude Barbie and sa femme, - 1
Estienne Dehon, - 1
Henry Corneau, - 1
Daniel fferran - 1
Jean Gomar, sa femme and 5 enfans, - 7
Jean Rousset, - 1
Pierre Montgut, - 1
Alexander Vaillan, - 1
Salomon Gondemay and sa femme, - 2
Louis Girardeau, - 1
Daniel Dousseau, - 1
Michel Cahaigne, - 1
Daniel Duval, 23 - 1
Corneille Prampain, - 1
Paul Coustillat, - 1
Pierre des maizeaux, - 1
Jean Velas Lorange, sa femme and un enfan, 24 - 3
Jean Egarnae, - 1
Pierre Gueraux - 1
Anthoine Lalorie, - 1
Matthieu Bonsergent et sa femme, - 2
Paul Leroy and sa femme, - 2
Bernard Lanusse and sa femme, - 2
ffrancois Charpentier and sa femme, - 2
Jean Surin, - 1
Jacques Lemarchand, - 1
Isaac Bonviller, - 1
Melkier de Vallons, - 1
Isaac de' Hay, - 1
Abraham Cury, - 1
Joseph Berrard and sa femme - 2
Charles Parmantie, - 1
Emanuel Langlade, - 1
Jean Olmier, - 1
Charles Charier, - 1
Sebastian Prevoteau, - 1
ffrancis Delpus, - 1
Henry Collie, sa femme et un enfan, - 3
Estienne Cheneau and sa femme, - 2
Daniel Duchemin 25 and sa femme, - 2
Daniel Gueran, 26 sa femme and 4 enfans, ]- 6
Jean Soulié, sa femme and 3 enfans, - 5
Nicholas Ducre and sa femme, - 2
Jean Noel Levasseur and sa femme, - 2
Rebeca Poitevin,27 - 1
Louis Losane, sa femme and 2 enfans, - 4
Elizabet Curien, - 1
Jean Boye Surgan, - 1
Marie Catherine Lecoin, - 1
Jean ffauquaran 28 and sa femme, - 2
Elizabet Morel, - 1
Pierre Balaros; -
Paul Legover, - 1


Jean Jacques Faizant, - 1
Jacob Aigle, - 1
Pierre Shriflit, - 1
Ouly Cumery, - 1
Madame Herbert, 4 demoiselles, sa filles, - 5


Jean Pasteur, - 1
______ Dupuy, - 1
Charles Pasteur and sa femme, 29 - 2
Elizabet Hayer, alemande, - 1 Marie Hehns, yanwelle flamande, - 1
Total, - 191

VIRGINIA-ss: Delivered to the ffrench Refugees on the Charitable supscription of several persons:

At ffalling Creek 30 256 Bushells of Indian Corn, besides private donation. Quantity not Known, whether of Corn nor Wheate. Capt. Webb for Beeves and Corn to Monsieur de Joux Company. atid Corn delivered Mons. de Joux Company from Mrs. Kennon's mill (to Busshells by Capt. Webb's note), and ever since their arrivall by mine. Quantity not knowne.

Two horses for their use £ 10
Two Beeves, of 7 and 8 yeares old,
At my store at Arahettox for nailes about £ 11 

besides money, meat, ffish, Come and wheat given by severall charitable persons. Quantity not Knowne to

£ s. 
By his Excellency, 31 50
By Mr. Comissary Blair,32 5
By Mr. Benjamin Harrison,33 5
By Colonel Randolph,34 5
By Mr. ffowler, 2 10 
By Mr. Jno. Herbert,35 10
By Mr. Miles Cary,36 1

Besides several summes given in to be collected at my stores, where they are to have credit for ye same.

More given for ye use of the Refugees (vizt.):

£ s. 
More given by his Excellency to Mons'r de Joux company that came in with him 25
By Stephen Fouace 37 to Mr. Sailly,  4
To one Badouit, 1
To another, 0 10 
To those that were left at James Towne, 4 Barrells of Come. 
By Mr Lewis Burwill 38 12 Bushels of wheat. 
Item by the same, 5 Bushels of Corne. 



At a Councill held at his Maj'tie's Royal Colledge of William and Mary, December 27, 1700

 Present: his Excellency in Council.

 It is the opinion and advice of the Council that it is for his majestie's service, and the Interest of this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion, that his Excellency do represent to his Majesty the present state of ye ffrench protestant Refugees, and the poverty and disability of the Country, and to address his Majesty that no more of them may be sent in.

At a Councill held at the hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd's, March 9th, 1700-

 Present: his Excellency in Council.

 Ordered, that a proclamation issue to the severall countyes of this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of Virginia, requireing ye Burgesses of each respective County to call in the Briefs, with the supscriptions and Donations given to the reliefe of the French Protestant Refugees, and that they returne an account thereof to the hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd and Benjamin Harrison, Esquire, who are appointed to distribute the same for the support of the aforesaid ffrench Refugees.

 Whereas, severall ifrench Protestant Refugees are lately arrived in York River in the Nassau, Capt. _____Tragian Comm'r, concerning whom his Excellency hath received no perticular intelligence or Commands from his most Sacred Majesty, save only a Letter from the Lord Bishop of London concerning one Mr. Latine, who comes in the Quality of a minister, and one other Letter from Mr. Blaithwayte concerning one John Boyer, a french Gentleman; and the aforesaid ffrench Refugees making no application nor proposalls to the Government in their owne behalfe, his Excellency and his Majestie's hon'ble Council, comisserating their poor and low condition, and willing as much as in them lies to find meanes for their present support-

 Do thereupon Order that such and so many of them as are willing to go and inhabit at the Manakin Towne, where severall ifrench are already settled, may and shall receive reliefe from the Contributions given or hereafter to be given towards the support and maintenance of such as shall there Inhabit; and that such and so many of them as are not willing to go thither be Lycenced and permitted to disperse themselves amongst the Inhabitants of this country, to provide for their necessary support untill further order shall be therein taken. And it is further ordered, that a copy of the last Briefe be sent to Capt. Tragian and ye ffrench Minister, to be published amongst them.

March 10th, 1700.

His Excellency and the Hon'ble Council do recommend to Lt. Colonel William Randolph and Captain Giles Webb, from time to time, to make enquiry into the state and condition of the ffrench Refugees Inhabiting at the Manakin Towne and parts adjacent, and communicate the same to his Excellency, and alwayes to Exhort the aforesaid french Refugees to live in unity, peace and concord.


 This Chart party, Indented--made the third day of December, anno Domini, 1700, and in the Twelfth yeare of the reign of our Sovereign Lord, William the third, King of England, &c--- Between Sir William Phipard, of the Town of Pool, in the county of Dorset, Knight, owner of the Ship called the Nassau of Pool, of the burthen of ffive hundred Tuns or thereabouts, now in the River of Thames, of the one part, and Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and John Hamilton, all of London, Merchants of the other part, Witnesseth, that (for the consideration hereunder mentioned) the said owner doth hereby for himself, his Executors and administrators, covenant, grant, and agree to, and with, the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, their Executors, administrators and assigns, as followeth (vizt) That by the fifth day of this Instant, month of December, the said ship shall, at the said owner's charge, be fitted and Equipped with all Stores requisite for the voyage hereunder mentioned; and also at the like costs and charges be victualled for carrying the passengers hereunder mentioned to James Towne, in Virginia, with the same sort of provision as those for the ship's company, and that the said ship shall, by the said fifth day of this Instant, December, at the costs and charges of the said Owner, be fitted, and have fitted, and made ready, convenient Lodgings or Cabbins for the said passengers, for two in an appartment, or with hammocks to hold and carry at least 150 in number, and shall stay at or near Blackwall 3 days afler the said 5th day of this instant, December, to receive and take in all such french Passengers, with their apparell and household goods, as the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, or their assigns, shall please to send on board her, so many as she can conveniently carry, and with them, or as many of them as shall be willing to goe, shall then, as wind and weather permit, saile and make the best of her way directly unto James Towne, in Virginia, to the usuall place of Ships unlading there, and then sett and carry on Shoar all the said passengers with their said goods brought thither, and so end her said employment, the dangers of the seas and Enemyes alwayes excepted; and that the Master of the said Ship shall daily, from the time of the passengers coming on board at Blackwall as aforesaid, and during all their said passage to James Towne aforesaid, allow and give them, the said Passengers, the like or customary daily allowance as is and shall be given and allowed to the Ship's company in Messes, and deliver in the presence of the said master and overseers of the said Passengers every Munday morning weekly, during the said passage, to the said passengers their said full allowance in bread, butter and Cheese for that week, the rest of their provisions being to be distributed amongst them daily, as the Ship's Company shall be and in the same manner; and that if the said Ship shall put into any Port or place by contrary wind in her said passage, and that any of the said passengers shall be on shoar, then the said Ship shall stay for their returneing on board 24 houres in the whole after the wind shall be fair to saile forward, if so required by the Overseers of the said Passengers, and send the Ship's boats on Shoar to bring them off, after which 4 and 20 hours the Ship to have liberty to proceed; and if any of the said passengers shall be so on shoar, shall not be willing to returne on board, the said master shall protest against them, if so required by the said overseers; and the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, for the considerations aforesaid, do hereby, for themselves, their executors and administrators, covenant and agree to and with the said owner, his executors and administrators, and assignes, that they, the said Moses Jaquean. Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, or their assignes, shall, and will, within 3 days after the said 5th day of this Instant, December, send on board the said ship at Blackwall aforesaid, at least the number of 150 french passengers, if not more, and upon shipping such passengers shall and will truly pay, or cause to be paid, unto the said owner, his executors or assignes, freight for their said passage, and provision to James Towne aforesaid, and for other the promises to be perform'd by the said owner to and for them, as aforesaid, at and after ye rate of 5 pounds sterling per head for each passenger so shipped, and at least for the number of 150 certain, always reckoning and accounting 2 passengers under the age of 12 years each to go and be paid freight for as but one passenger. Lastly, it is provided and agreed that after ye 3 days above mentioned for taking in the said passengers at London shall be expired, it shall be lawfull for the said Ship to proceed on her voyage with what number of them as shall be then on board without staying longer, and if the number then on board shall not amount to 150, the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, or their assignes, shall pay the said owner, or his assignes, before the Ship's departure, freight for the passage of 150 passengers--750 Pounds. And to the performance of all and singular the clauses, covenants and Agreements herein contained, which on ye part and behalf of ye s'd owner, his exec'rs, adm'rs and assigns, are and ought to be done, kept and perform'd. The s'd owner bindeth himselfe, his ex'rs and adm'rs, and Especially ye s'd ship, her freight, Tackles, apparel, and furniture unto the s'd Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, their Ex'rs, Adm'rs and assigns, in ye summe or penalty of 1,500 pounds of lawfull money of England, firmly by these presents. And to the performance of all and singular the clauses, covenants, payments and agreements herein contained, which on the parts and behalfes of the s'd Moses Jaqucan, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and John Hamilton, their Ex'rs and adm'rs, are and ought to be done, kept, paid and performed, the s'd Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, bind themselves, their Ex'rs and adm'rs and every of them, joyntley and severally, unto the s'd owner, his ex'rs, adm'rs and assignes, in the summe or penalty of 1,500 pounds of law full money of England, firmly by these presents. In witnesse whereof, the s'd parties have hereunto interchangeably put their hands and seales in London the day, month and year first above written.

 Memorandum. --It is agreed, That, although it is mentioned that the Passengers shall have the same allowance of provisions as the Ship's company, It is the intent and meaning of the s'd parties y't they shall have the allowance as followeth (vizt) to every passenger above the age of 6 yeares, to have 7 pounds of Bread every weeke, and to a mess, 8 passengers in a mess, and to have 2 peeces of Porke, at 2 pounds each peece, 5 dayes in a weeke, with pease; and 2 days in a week to have 2 four pound peeces of Beefe a day and pease, or one four pound peece of Beefe with a Pudding with pease; and at any time if it shall happen that they are not willing the Kettle should be boyled, or by bad weather cannot, In such case every passenger shall have I pound of cheese every such day; and such children as are under 6 yeares of age to have such allowances in flower, oatmeal, Fruit, Sugar and Butter as the overseers of them shall Judge Convenient.

 Sealed and Del'v'd, being first duly Stamped in ye presence of John Clarke, George Wharton, W. Boteler, Notaries.

 M. JAQUEAN. [s]
I. BELLET. [s]

 This is a true copy of ye originall, which, after comparing, I attest.
London, the 4th December, 1700.
W. BOTELER, Not. Pub.
Dec. 4, 1700.

 December ye 3d, 1700. Received of Messrs. Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and John Hamilton ye summe of 892 Pounds, 10 Shillings, in full, for the passages of 197 French Passengers to James Towne, in Virginia.

John Clarke,
Wm. Boteler, - Not's.
George Marton,


10 and 11th May, 1701.

 The 10th of May, last, I with Coll. Randolph, Capt. Epes, 39 Capt. Webb, &c., went up to the new settlements of ye ffrench Refugees at ye Manakan Town. Wee visited, about seventy of their hutts, being, most of them, very mean; there being upwards of fourty of y'm betwixt ye two Creeks, w'ch is about four miles along on ye River, and have cleared all ye old Manacan ffields for near three miles together, as also some others (who came thither last ffeb'ry, as Blackman told us) have cleared new grounds toward the Lower Creeke, and done more worke than they y't went thither first. They have, all of y'm. some Garden trade and have planted corne, but few of y'm had broke up their ground or wed tbe same, whereupon I sent for most of y'm and told y'm they must not expect to enjoy ye land unless they would endeavour to improve it, and if they make no corne for their supsistance next yeare they could not expect any further relief from the Country. Mon'r de Joux promised at their next meeting to acquaint them all w'th w't I said, and to endeavour to stirr y'm up to be diligent in weeding and secureing their corne and wheat, of w'ch latter there are many small patches, but some is overrun w'th woods, and the horses (of w'ch they have severall, w'th some Cows) have spoiled more; most of y'm promise faire Indeed, they are very poor, and I am not able to supply y'm w'th Corne (they being about 250 last month), having bought up all in these two counties, and not haveing received one month's provision from all ye other Countyes, there being some in the Isle of Wight, but cannot hire any to fetch it. There are above 20 families seated for 4 or 5 miles below the Lower Creeke and have cleared small plantations, but few of y'm had broke up their grounds. Wee went up to ye Cole, w'ch is not above a mile and a-half from their settlement on the great upper Creeke, w'ch, riseing very high in great Raines, hath washed away the Banke that the Coal lyes bare, otherwise it's very deep in the Earth, the land being very high and near the surface is plenty of Slate. 40. Tho' these people are very poor, yet they seem very cheerful and are (as farr as wee could learne) very healthy, all they seem to desire is y't they might have Bread enough. Wee lodged there that night and returned the new Road I caused to be marked, which is extraordinary Levell and dry way and leads either to the ffalls or the mill, a very good well beaten path for carts.



Sir,--Wee have no news in these parts, only that ye ffrench Refugees is, most of them, gone to Maryland, and have left an ill distemper behind them, ye bloody flux, which has affected some of our neighbours. Ye ffrench Refugees' great ffriend, Col'l Fitzhugh, 42 dyed tuesday, ye 21st, at night, Nov'r 6th, 1701.


In ye first Shipp

Mr. Phillip 43and his wife - 2
Mr. Peter Chalin, his wife and 3 chil'n, - 5
Mr. Abrah. Nicod - 1
Mr. Char. Saillee - 1
Theph. Mallott and his wife - 2
Gulte - 1
Mullin - 1
John ffarcy and his wife, - 2
Steph. Chastaine and his wife, - 2
Peter Tuly and his wife, - 2
John Joacmi and his wife - 2
Minst and his wife - 2
Gawey and his wife - 2
Bilbun and his wife, - 2
ffaur, his brother and sister, - 3
Parcule and his wife, - 2
Leverre, - 1
Gillan, - 1
Voyer and his wife, - 2
Peter Gaway and his wife - 2
John Saye - 1
Pantier - 1
Chambures and his wife - 2
Morret and his wife - 2
Peter Perry - 1
Mallon, his wife and father - 3
Brouse and one child - 1
Corun - 1
Cabarnis 44 and his wife - 2
Imbart and his wile, - 2
Sasin - 1
Vigne - 1
Garren - 1
Chalagenie, his wife and one child - 3
Debart - 1
Bernard and his wife - 2
Cath. Billet - 1
suplet, his wife and four children - 6
Moroll and his wife and one child - 3
Cocuelguic. - 1
Veras and his wife - 2
Isaac Verey - 2
John Buffe, Du Clue, La Cadon - 3 [Total] - 81

The names of such as came in the second ship:

 Mr. Benj'n DeJoux - 1
Barel, his wife and one child - 3
Govin, and his wife and Joshua Pettit - 3
Alocastres, John Gunn and Timothy Russ - 3
Isaac Lefavour and his wife and John Martin - 3
John Owner and his wife and Meshall - 3
Remy and his wife, Gavand and his wife - 4
Villain, and his wife and Shabron - 3
Abrate Befour, his wife and 4 children - 6
Jasper supus, his wife and 4 children - 6
[Total] - 35

All and every ye persons herein before mentioned are seated between ve creeks (excepted Duclow and Sneadow) who came also in ye first ship and are settled on ye other side ye said creek.

 And these that follow are likewise seated between ye said creeks but came in the third ship, (vizt.):

 Rapine, his wife and 2 children, - 4
ffran Benon and Gillaum - 2
Treyon, his wife and 1 child below ye creek, - 3
[Total] - 9

The names of those y't came in ye fourth ship and are also settled between ye creeks:

 Buffo, Shulu, and his wife and 3 children - 6
Tumar and his wife, Chevas and 2 children - 5
Valiant, ffasant, John Pastour - 3
Mary Legraund - 1
Robert, his wife and one child - 3
Mocks, his wife and one child - 3
Lamas - 1
[Total] - 23

A List of such as came in ye second and fourth shipps, and that are seated below ye creeks are as follows:

 Greordocaso - 1
Jno. Boshard, his wife and 3 children, - 5
Dan'l Bluet and 2 children - 3
Pet'r Musset and his wife, and Misar Brock - 3
J os. Oliver, Po. Leaseo, and Jno. Marsarae - 3
ffr'a Clapy and Legraund and 3 children - 5
Nicti Mar, his wife and 2 children - 4
Sam'l Huntteeker, his wife and 2 children - 4
ffra Duacon, Anth. Bonion, and Provo - 3
Muller and 1 child - 2
Dufontaine, his wife and one child - 3
Jasper Gardner, his wife and 3 children - 5
[Total] - 41

In ye fourth Shipp:

John Leroy, booker, and his wife and one child - 4
Coullon and his wife, - 2
[Total] - 6

below ye Creek:

Merchant Suillee, his wife and 2 children and one negro woman - 5
Anthony Obray between ye Creeks - 1
[Total] - 6

These two persons last mentioned came from New York.
David Ministres and his wife not gone up falling creek
Nov. 10, 1701 23 
Wm. Byrd
Copia, 35 
Testa 81 
Dionisus Wright Total 203 

At a Councill held at his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge of William and Mary, the 25th October, 1700
Present--his Excell'y in Councill.
Whereas, several ffrench Refugees have lately, (vizt.) on or about the 20th Instant, arrived at James City, in this Colony, with designe to goe up to Manikin Towne in the upper parts of James River, whither severall ffrench are already gone to make Settlement; his Excellency and the Hon'ble Councill taking the same into their serious consideration, are of opinion, that (considering the poverty and disability of the said Refugees, their ignorance in the Customes and affaires of this Colony, their wants and necessities, being destitute of all meanes of support and sustinence at present), It will be most for their advantage and interest to disperse themselves, and do accordingly Order, License and permitt the aforesaid ffrench Refugees to disperse themselves into severall parts of this country that they may thereby the better provide for the future support of themselves and ffamilies untill the next fall, at which time further care may be taken therein

 At a Council held at the Hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd's, 14th day of November, 1700-

 Present: his Excellency in Councill
Whereas, severall ffrench Protestant Refugees have been by his most sacred Majesty sent into this Colony with particular Instructions from his Majesty to his Excellency; the Gover'r, to incourage and protect them in their settling here;

 And whereas, by former Order in Councill the place of their settlement was appointed at the Manikin Towne, above the falls of James River, to the end that all due observance and obedience may be paid to his Maj'tie's aforesaid Royall instructions in that behalfe, and the Government be the better enabled to render unto his most sacred Maj'tie a full and briefe acc't of the particular proceedings therein:

 It is ye opinion of ye Councill, and accordingly ordered, that Monsieur De Sailly render an acc't (to the next Councill to be held at his Maj'Iie's Royall Colledge of William and Mary ye Third of December next) what French were carried up to the aforesaid place, in what state and condition they now are, w't money he hath received in England for their use, and how it hath been disposed of; as also to lay before ye Councill copies of all ye Transactions betwixt him and Doctor Cox relating to the aforesaid ffrench refugees. There have been carryed up to Monocantown about 120 Refugees, of whom 6 are dead and about 20 gone away, some for libertinage and lazinesse and some for want of bread, being not able to suffer hunger and take patience when we meet with disappointments (as we did when Bossard and his 'complices stole away upon ye road with force, violence and threatenings the meale from our men and horses, what occasioned almost all ye people to come down and leave ye place), and cannot get meal; but we believe that severall of them and others living in ye English plantations would goe and settle there constantly if they were sure of a peck of meal a head weekly, of a bushell of pease and a peck of salt once for all, and of some blanketts to cover in cold weather such as have none; and we think y't most part of them would doe well, clear ye ground to provide themselves ye next year w'th bread, and afterwards w'th all necessaries, and to pay to his Maj'tie all observances, duty and obedience. We Judge it soe, because we see y't some of y'm who have not been soe sick, and are already pretty well, are encouragement to others; and severall told they would come upp again and settle themselves at work if we could afford them bread to maintain and strengthen them, because they have been so long sick y't they are weak still, and they cannot hope to recover their health and strength in fasting; and so for ye present, their condition being very poor, deserves his maj'tie's charity; and y't some allowance may be made unto them out of the Briefs, money or other to provide y'm w'th corn, doilies, seeds, tools and some cattle, because for want of lands upon Nantsmund River, where they thought to be settled and set down by the Ship altogether w'th their gdods without any charge, they have been obliged to goe up about 150 miles into ye woods 25 miles from ye plantations, and to bear great and extraordinary charges for their transportation and of all their goods and victualls, besides ye loss they suffered at James town by ye sinking of their sloop, where they had their goods lost and spoiled to ye value of 300£, and ye sicknesse they have laid under at ye falls these 4 months having been above 150 sick at once, w'th soe little help and assistance in a place where provisions are so scarse and dear, y't they have been forced for some small relief and supply to sell their arms, clothes and other goods after having spent what money they had, and so to remain naked and deprived of all commoditics till his Maj'tie be pleased to assist and relieve them to enable y'm to make good plantations and to build ye Town; but Capt. Webb or some other must be appointed, w'th power and authority to rule and command y'm, because being come only to endeavour to settle y'm conveniently and comfortably, haveing overgone all ye hardships and difficulties of ye beginning and liveing as Refugees upon His Maj'tie's allowance in England and Ireland, which we cannot receive here, we desire to goe there to enjoy of his Maj'tie's bounty and to return to every one what they have entrusted unto us, to remove all ye prejudices of tales and false reports of ye ffrench and Popish Emissaries, who have alwayes endeavoured to cross and oppose this undertaking, and as we see have prevailed and sent over some men to cross and contradict us and to make us suspect to ye Nation, Governm't and Clergy and to all other people; but we shall prove to ye whole world y't we have taken all these troubles and charges upon us only out of Charity, and done all this w'th honesty and silcenty; and for ye other Refugees settled by Mr de Joux between Manycan Creek and Powick Creek, we doe not know their condition, and though they have given unto us great many supjects of Complaints in troubling and vexing us, we will Charitably spare y'm; and to avoid all disputes and quarrels, desiring to live quietly and peaceably, say nothing of ye malice and tricks they employ every day to blame and accuse us without justice, cause or reason, and leave to ye said de Joux to give what acc't he pleases, since he hath done all without us and kept ye oth'er 'factures and goods sent to us; what we affirme this 2d day of December, 1700.


 If the hon'ble assembly like this undertaking and settl't, and has a mind (as we hope) to assist and encourage it, it's necessary, that ye Minister De Joux be ordered to goe up to settle and stay in ye Town to preach, make prayers, and perform other dutys of his ministry; that he be ordered to give and deliver ye accounts, 'factures and goods intrusted unto him and sent to us to sell, exchange, or mortgage y'm for Corn, &c., for the supplys of ye people; that ye people of ye 3d ship and their chiefs be alsoe ordered to doe ye same for ye same use, and particularly for 23£ sterling intrusted unto y'm in a Trunck of Chirurgy and medicine sent unto us for; ye Colony, besides ye same money as others; That a proclamation be sent to every parish to forbid to receive, keep and maintain any of them without ye leave and discharge of their directors, and to order to ye s'd refugees, who run up and down, and have no place or condition to go up and work, to settle themselves; and finally that a stock of Corn be provided in good time to supply y' m, or a sunime of money to buy it as soon as possible, which may be returned unto such as shall be willing to advance and lend ye s'd Come or money out of the gratifications they expect from his Maj'tie and from this country, or by themselves, at least in 2 or 3 years, when they shall be settled according to ye account kept by such as shall be appointed to be their directors.

 At the City of Williamsburgh, Dec 9th, 1700-

 Present: his Excellency in Councill.

 It is the opinion of ye Councill that his Maj'tie's and the Lord's letter concerning the Marquess de La Muce and the setll't of the French refugees and all papers relating to that matter, the Lord's Letter concerning the building and erecting a house for the Governor, and ye settleing and regulating of all claimes and publick debts, and to see in what state ye Revenue at present stands, be recommended to the Consideration of the House of Burgesses.

 Indenture made 2d day of May, 1698, between Daniel Cox, in the County of Middlesex, Proprietary of Carolana and fflorida, on the one part, and Sir William Wailer, Knight, Oliver, Marques de la Muce and Monsieur Charles de Sailly, of the other part: "Whereas a discovery being made of a region or Territory in ye parts of America between ye degrees of 31 and 36 North latitude inclusively, King Charles V, by Letters Pat. under the great seal bearing date Westminster, 30 October, in the 5th year of his reign, granted and confirmed unto Sir Robert Heath, Kn'ght, all this land lying within certain boundaries; and also all those Islands of Veanis, Bahamas, and all other Islands or Isletts there or neare thereto, and lying Southwards of and from ye s'd Continent, all w'ch lye within ye degrees of 31 and 36 northern latitude inclusively,'' &c., &c. Of this land, Daniel Cox sells to the above nam'd parties 500,000 acres, English measure, on ye west side of ye River Spiritu Sancto, which empties itself into ye Bay of apalache at ye N. E'd of ye Gulph of Mexico, which shall be purchased by ye Proprietary of ye Indian natives; To have and to hold the s'd Tract of land to them, the said Sir William Waller, Knight, Oliver, Marques de la Muce and Monsieur Charles de Sailly, their heires and assigns forever; and if ye s'd parties and their associates shall take up 500,000 acres more, they shall have power from ye Proprietary so to doe, Provided it be taken up within ye space of Seaven yeares ensueing the date hereof, paying quit rents for the same," &c., &c. The late King did erect this Territory into a Province, and named it Carolana, and the said Islands the Carolana Islands. The last 500,000 acres to be purchased by the parties to the second part "of ye Indian natives at their own proper charge and expence;" and they shall be allowed "six months' time to view the country in order to their choice of such Lands whereon they intend to settle, and that from and after the time of their choice of such lands, that the said Sir Wm. Wailer, Kn'ght, Oliver, Marques de la Muce, and Monsieur Charles de Sailly, or their associates, shall enjoy the said lands Seven yeares, paying only a ripe Ear of Indian Come in the season if demanded ; and from ye Expiring of the said Seaven yeares 5 shillings Sterling money of England, or the value thereof, in either Corne or Bullion of Gold or silver, as a Quitt-rent for every 500 acres of Land soe taken up and purchased by the Proprietary as aforesaid." Dr. Cox also reserved for himself the selection of 2 or more places for Ports or Harbours, with a competent Tract of land adjoining; also stipulates for certain royalties on all mines, quarrys, or pearl fisheries discovered. Also certain concessions are made for the introduction into the country of " 100 families or 200 Persons," Protestants. " It is mutually agreed, that if the said parties and their associates doe not within the space of 2 yeares, next ensuing ye date hereof, transport, or cause to be transported, at least 200 families to plant and settle within ye s'd Colony, then this Grant and commission shall cease, Determine, and be utterly void and ineffectuall to all Intents and purposes whatsoever."


Indenture made "the 22d January, 1639, in ye 13th year of Charles," between Sir John Harvey, Kn'ght, Governour of Virginia, and the R't Hon' ble Henry Lord Maltravers, "assignes and sells out" a competent tract of Land in ye Southern part of the Colony, to beare a name of a County, and be called ye County of Norfolk." Said tract situate, lying and being on the southern side of James River, in the branch of ye said river, hereafter to be called Maltravers' River, towards the head of ye said Nanzimum alias Maltravers' River, being bounded from that part of Maltravers' river, where it divides itself into Branches, one degree in Longitude on either side of ye River, and in Latitude to ye height of 35 degrees, Northerly Latitude, by ye name and appelation of ye county of Norfolk." And when Lord Maltravers have peopled and planted said tract, he is allowed to make choice and to enter into as much more land in Virginia, &c


This humble supplication, by the under written petitioners, in the name and behalfe of all the ffrench Refilgees arrived in Virginia, along w'th Monsieur De Joux, as also in the behalfe of the greater part of ye ffrench Refugees, who Landed here both before and since to settle themselves in a Colony-

 Sheweth ....That whereas, the King's snost Excellent Maj'tie, out of his gracious good will and pleasure, hath granted the ffrench Refugees a Liberty to Settle a Colony in Virginia. His Maj'tie for the incouragem't of that designe hath given Three thousand pounds Sterling, to defray the charges of 500 persons in crossing the seas and to relieve their owne necessities.

 In compliance with his Maj'tie's Order, the Marquis de la Muce and Monsieur De Sailly and severall other ffrench Refugees, to the number of about 200 persons, embarqued themselves last Aprill for Virginia, publishing and giving out that they sailed thither to put themselves in a capacity to receive such of their brethren as should afterwards imitate their Example, And in consideration hereof the above mentioned Sieurs De Ia Muce and De Sailly requested the Sieurs Jaquean, Belet and others of their ffriends whom they left behind, that at such opportunities of shipping as offered they should use the same care and diligence as they did to promote that designe.

 About two months after the first embarquement, there departed a second,bound to the same place, consisting of about 150 Refugees, among whom was Monsieur De Joux, sent along with them to exercise his pastorall function as Minister of all ye s'd Colony, and who for that end was admitted into holy orders by my Lord Bishop of London.

 These last haveing landed at Jamestown, understood to their great joy and satisfaction how graciously your Excellency received the first party in letting them feele ye effects of yo'r bounty and generosity so many wayes, and particularly in alloting them for their settlement one of the best tracts of land in the whole country, but to which there is no passing by water, as being 25 miles at least above the falls of James River.

But so far was the second party of ffrench Refugees from receiving that aide and assistance they proposed to themselves from the first, that on ye contrary it was noe small suprisall there to understand that more than one halfe of the first party lay sick at ye ffalls languishing under misery and want, notwithstanding the considerable supplies that the Sieurs De la Muce and De Sailly received, both from y'r Excellency and from the Country, as also y't a great number of 'em was dead, and y't so many of 'em as repaired to their new settlem' t were in a distressed condition and in great disorder, complaining of the hard-heartedness of De Sailly, and speaking of him as of one whose conduct was odious and insupportable.

 It was a considerable surprisall that instead of seeing this second party kindly received by Mr. De Sailly, and admitted to have a share in those charitable supplies he had in his hands and in those he had received from the country, his answer, on the contrary, to such as addrest him for reliefe was, That he had no bread nor sustenance for 'em. Nay, further, he opposed those who desired to take up such tracts of land as were adjacent to the Lands he had marked out for those of his first party, unless they would swear an oath of fidelity to such particular persons as he had made Justices of the Peace, which oaths those of the second party refused to take, being fully perswaded they lay under no obligation so to doe.

 Being, therefore, destitute of all hopes of obtaining provision and reliefe from Mon'r De Sailly, they hindered Monsieur De Joux in his designe of delivering up into the hands of De Sailly those goods with which Messieurs Jaquean, Belet and their company entrusted him. And having had sufficient tryall of the s'd Mons. De Joux's integrity and affection towards them, they requested him to use his utmost care and diligence in procuring some sustenance for 'em and some lands, w'ch they might labour, sow and improve in hopes that God's blessing upon their endeavours may give 'em some supsistence for ye future w'thout being burdensome to ye country And this what the s'd De Joux has done with so much successe by his mediation with those magistrates that ruled ye country in your Excellency's absence, that we have had such supplies as have almost hitherto relieved our necessities.

 At the same time ye said De Joux has, by your Excellencie's permission, and to our common satisfaction, shared out among us the Lands we are now clearing, in order to our future supsistance.

 For these, and several other weighty considerations, we humbly supplicate and Petition y'r Excellency, not only in our own behalfe, but also in ye behalfe of the ffrench refugees y't arrived here first along w'th the Sieurs De la Mace and De Sailly, and in the behalfe of the third Party that arrived last of all, and are now disperst about Jamestown, to grant us these following articles:


That it may please your Excell'y, in continuing your charitable disposition towards your Petitioners, to be instrumentall in procuring food and sustenance for them, with other things necessary for their supsistance, till they are in a capacity to live by the fruits of their own labours.


And because that tract of Land your Excell'y allotted to ye ffrench Refugees is soe remote from the English plantation, and that there is no carrying of things by water, Your Petitioners being likewise destitute of all necessaries for transporting things by land, and being otherwise unable to attend such postages without neglecting their other labours more than one-halffe of ye yeare, they do therefore petition y'r Excell'y to order that such supplies as you will procure for their s'd supsistance may be carried and transported gratis to ye hithermost frontiers of their plantations.

3d Article.

And being that your petitioners can have noe prospect of any good livelyhood in planting of tobacco, and that they cannot expect to be able in a short time to drive a trade in wings, flax, Silk and hemp, and other effects of their industry, which they aime at, and which cannot turne to any good account till after some years are past, during which they will want many things necessary for their comfortable living, They therefore petition y'r Excell'y to use y'r interest with the King's Maj'tie in procuring some encouragements for their labours, and in endeavouring to obtaine of his Maj'tie, for some years at least, a comfortable supsistance for the Ministry among them.


That it may please your Excell'y to order Monsieur De Sailly to disburse to ye above mentioned Colony the sum of Thirty Pounds Sterling out of the 230£ Sterling designed for the building of a church, without or ornaments, a house for the Minister and a magazin to lay up fresh goods in, as shall be found to belong to ye said Colony in Common till it is in a condition to build a more decent and convenient church.

 That the said 30 Pounds be paid down by Monsieur De Sailly to Monsieur De Joux for the said purpose.

 That the said Church be built in such a place as Monsieur de Joux shall think proper and convenient for the exercise of his ministeriall function.


And because ye s'd Monsieur De Sailly (though he has in his custody all ye money that has been given to ye Colony for its supsistance), has refused to afford it any further reliefe or sustenance, under pretense that he hath no more money, not excepting so much as ye above summe of 23O£ Sterling, designed for the building of ye Church. Therefore your petitioners doe beseech your Excell'y to order that the said De Sailly may, as soon as possible, give an account before such auditors as your Excell'y shall nominate, how he has employed and laid out all ye money he has received, as well in London as in this Government, for the use of ye said Colony.


That the remaining summe which Monsieur De Sailly shall be found indebted in after he has made up his account, whether it be in money or goods, may be deposited in the hands of y'r Excell'y, or of such Commissioners as y r Excell'y shall make choice of; that so it may be preserved for the supplying of the urgent necessities of the Colony.


It being impossible to keep the said Colony in any good order without Magistrates, as being at too long a distance from the English to receive necessary justice from them, the s'd Colony doth therefore petition y'r Excell'y to give them liberty to choose such a number of Judges for a time, at least, as shall be thought necessary for determining all Civill causes, and that ye s'd Judges be chosen by ye people out of the number of those whose catalogue shall be presented by Monsieur De Joux.

 That the Judgements w'ch shall be past by the s'd Judges in Civill causes may be liable to an appeale to the courts next adjacent to the Manakin Towne, excepting when the summe in controversy doth not exceed three pounds sterling. 8th.

To prevent the dissolution of ye said Colony, your petitioners do beseech your Excell'y to give strict order to ye English to entertaine none of the ffrench without permission, and that such ffrench as shall desert their new settlement be ordered to restore the 5£ Sterl'g paid for their passage, as also ye goods w'ch they received and belong to the said Colony. 9th.

That Monsieur La Soseé, physician to ye said Colony, be ordered to returne again thither and carry back with him all ye medecins and instruments that ye Colony had entrusted him with.

 Your Petitioners doe most humbly supplicate your Excell'y to take into your serious consideration the most deplorable condition of the ffrench Refugees now under your protection, and to grant them the above mentioned favours, and such other reliefs as your Excellency out of your singular goodness shall think fitt to bestow upon them. And they will always pray to God for ye preservation of your person and for the prosperity and glory of your government.

D. BIeüet, Ettienne Chabran, 
Jacque Corbelose, LaBarr Eabuyt, 
P. Zossard, Abraham Foy, 
N. Mare, ffrancois Delhapiel, 
David Menetres, P. Labady, 
Daulegre, Paul Caftes, 
Souan, Moise Verrüeil, 
P. Baudry, p. Brault, 
Anthoine de Ramberge, Jacob Capon, 
ffrancois Gannard, Michael Michell, 
Jean Levillanà, Jean Arnaut, 
Jean Aboàsson, J. Hagault, 
Theodore Duronsau, Josue Petit, 
Pierre Rivers, Jean Rugon, 
Jean Riviol, Elie Gullature, 
Jean Mearyut, Poussite, 
Pierre Leluells, S. Augustin. 
L. Robàll


 Act 2d.

An act making the ffrench Refugees, Inhabiting at the Mannikin Towne and the parts adjacent, a distinct parish by themselves, and Exempting them from ye payment of publick and County Levies for 7 yeares.

 Whereas a considerable number of ffrench Protestant refugees have been lately imported into this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion, Severall of which Refugees have seated themselves above the ffalls of James River, at or near to a place commonly called and Knowne by the name of the Manikin Towne, ffor the Encouragement of the said Refugees to settle and remaine together, as near as may be, to the said Manakin Towne, Be it Enacted by the Governor, Councill and Burgesses of this present General Assembly; and it is hereby Enacted that the said Refugees, inhabiting at the said Manakin Towne and the parts adjacent, shall be accounted and taken for Inhabitants of a distinct parish by themselves, and the land which they now doe, or shall hereafter possess at, or adjacent to, the said Manakin Towne, shall be, and is hereby, declared to be a Parish by itself; distinct from any other parish to be called and Knowne by the name of King William's parish, in the County of Henrico, and not lyable to the payment of parish Levies in any other Parish whatsoever; and be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that such and so many of the said refugees as are already settled, or shall hereafter settle themselves as Inhabitants of the said Parish at the Manakin Towne and the parts adjacent, shall themselves and their ffamilies, and every of them, be free and exempted from the payment of Publick and County Levies for the space of 7 yeares next ensueing from the Publication of this act; any Law, custom or usage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

Copia, Teste:

At his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge of William & Mary, 23d Dec'r, 1700-

 Present: His Excell'y in Councill.

 A Brief being proposed for the relief and support of the ffrench refugees Inhabiting at the Mannikin Towne above the falls of James river, the same was read. in Councill and signed, and the Colony seal ordered to be thereto affixed.



To all Christian People to whom these presents shall come, I ffrancis Nicholson, Esq're, his Maj'tie's L't and Governor Generall of Virginia, send Greeting: Whereas, severall ffrench Protestant refugees having lately arrived in this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of Virginia, Imported hither at the sole charge and Pious Charity of his most Sacred Maj'tie, and concerning whom his most Sacred Maj'tie, by his most gracious Letter to mee directed, bearing date at Kensington ye 18 March, 1699 [1700], hath signitied his royall will and pleasure, That all possible Encouragement should be given them upon their arrivall in order to their settlement; And whereas, the Right Hon'ble the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, by their Letter of Aprill 12, 1700, have also recommended them to my favourable assistance, Pursuant whereunto they are now seated at a place called or known by the name of the Mannikin Town above the ifalls of James River, by virtue of an order in Councill dated at James City the 8 day of August, 1700; But forasmuch as the said refugees having nothing at their arrivall here wherewith to supsist, they have hitherto been supported by the contributions of severall pious and charitable Gentlemen in these paris. And whereas, It is manifest and apparent that unless the same Charitable and Christianlike acts be Continued for their reliefe untill such time as they may reape and receive the fruits of their own Labour by the next ensueing cropp they must inevitably perish for want of ffood, Therefore, I, the said ffrancis Nicholson, Esq'r, By and with the advice and consent of his Maj'tie's Hon'ble Councill, doe hereby recommend ye sad and deplorable Condition of the aforesaid ffrench refugees to the consideration of all pious, charitable and well disposed Persons within this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of Virginia, desiring that they will express, by supscriptions to this Briefe, what benevolences or gifts they in their Charity shall think fitt to bestow either in money, Corne, or any other thing for the support and reliefe of these our poor distress'd Christian brethren, And I doe hereby Impower and authorize the Hon'ble Wm. Byrd, Esq'r, and Benj'n Harrison, Esq'r, 2 of his Maj'tie's Councill of State, to receive and distribute amongst the said refugees such and soe many benevolences and gifts as the respective benefactors shall be willing to bestow for the promoting and forwarding of this charitable worke. Given under my hand and seale of the Colony of his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge of Wm. and Mary, this 12 yeare of his Maj'tie's reign, 1700.

 Copia, Teste:

£ s d
To buy Pork 5 0
To buy Wheat 5 0 0 ffra Nicholson 
Tobacco, 1,000. 
Indian Corne, 20 Barrells. 
William Byrd 10 0
Edmund Jennigns 46 5 0
J. Lightfoot 47 1 0
Matthew Page, 48 5 0
Benj'n Harrison, 49 5 0
Rob't Carter, 50 5 0
Peter Beverley, 51 4 0
Miles Cary 3 0
William Leigh 52 2 0
G. Corbin, 53 2 0
Edwin Thacker 2 0
Nath. Harrison 54 2 0
William Tayloe, 55 1 0
Alexander Spence 1 0
Wm. Waters, 56 1 0
George Marable 57 1 1
Robert Beverley 58 2 0
Thomas Milner 59 1 0
William Wilson, 60 3 0
William ffox, 1 0
Thomas Ballard, 61 1 0
Wm. Cary, 62 1 0
Tully Robinson ,63 1 0
Matthew Godfrey 1 0
Thomas Barber 64 1 0
John Catlett 65 1 0
Thomas Hobson 1 0
Wm. Gough, 1 0
James Westcomb  1 0
Gideon Macon 66 1 0
Ja. ffoster  1 0
James Bray, 67 1 0
Sam'll Thompson, 1 0
John Pewett  1 0
Mord. Cooke, 68 1 0
Jno. Thorowgood 69 1 0
Thos. Edmundson  1 0
Rich'd Blande 70 1 0
Thos. Giles 10
Henry Applewhite 10

Copia, Test:

The London Society for promoting Christian knowledge, about the year 1715, took under their protection about 200 French refugees, and out of that number the following were sent to America at the Society's expense:

Elizabeth de la Brouse, Sent to Carolina 
Philip Gouiran, Gone to Virgina 
Claude la Boire Gone to Virginia 
Vincent Pinna Gone to Carolina 


Col. Wm. Randolph presented a letter from the Maquis De La Muce and Monsieur Charles De Sailly.


 "To ye Hondurable Colonell Rumdolph, Act.. ye Court of Henrico County- These:
"Sir, --We think ourselves bound to desire you to acquaint the worshipfull Court of Henrico County that Mr. Sehull, 71 the Goldsmith that came along with us in July last, being Dead a little while... plantation, in the sd. County, two Miles from Capt. Webb [leaving?] one Child with two French men servants .... all ye mony, Jewells and other goods belonging to the ... very ill; also one other boy, son to Mr. Rogers, printer to.... Elector of Brandenburg, who, designing to Come over, ... did Intrust this boy unto the s'd Gold Smith, with a par- .... of above 8o1., which the said men will alsoe Spoil and waste .... -ented by ye s'd Court. In appointing somebody to gathere.... an Inventory and Secure all, for the supply and Relief of these ... who came to us to complain of their want and the hardship .... put upon them, abuseing them and treating them worse than... and desireing us to take them with their goods, and to deliver .... from that misery, to put them into Some other houses ... find just, Reasonable and necessary; but haveing or authority to Doe it, Wee apply ourselves to ye Court . . these cases might be taken In Consideracon as Some orders . . Speedily to avoid the Disapacon of the remaining part of Goods, and so provide ye Children, or put them at Liberty To provide themselves with our advices till wee may get an answer from their parents, and so doing you will make a great Charity and oblige much. Your Most humble and most obedient servants,


 "At Capt. Webb's house, this 29th J'n'y, 1700 [1701]."72


Col. Byrd notifys the court that Henry Ayscough, 73 who had been guardian of Peter Sehull, orphan of Mr. Tertullian Sehull, one of the French refugees, was dead.


A Statement that on Feb. 1st, 1702 [1703], Mr. Abraham Salle gave bond as executor of Mr. Soloman Delalua, 74 with Mr. Chas. De Sally and Mr. David Minitrees as security; and that De Sally had since gone to Eng., and Minetrees removed himself to a remote part of the colony.

By hiz Ex'cy and the hon'ble Council, Mr. Sp'r and Gent'n of the H of Burgesses.

 April 24th, 1704.
His Ex'cy and the hon'ble Council having received diverse petitions heretofore presented by the ffrench Refugees, settled at Manicantown, praying for naturalizacon, with several other papers relating to that settlement, Have thought fitt to recommend to y'r house the mature consideracon of the s'd peticons and papers as being a case of very great importance.

 By ord'r of his Ex'cy and ye hon'ble Council.

 W. R., Cl'k Ge. C't.75

WILLIAMSBURG, August 14, 1716.

 Daniel Blouett, a French settler, prays for redress against one Dupins who had unlawfully surveyed and seized upon a tract of 133 acres of land at Manicantown belonging to the said Blouett; being the amount of land that had been allowed to each family of French Refugees by the Government.76

To the Honourable Presid' t and Council.

 Sept. 2d, 1707.
The answer of Abraham Salle to the Petition of Mr. Philipe, humbly Sheweth, 77

 That whereas, the s'd Philipe Complained that I affronted him on the 3oth day of March last, while he was in the Pulpit, by calling him seditious, and the cheif of ye seditious, I beg leave to represent to your honnors the whole fact as it happen' d, which I flatter myself will be a compleat justification. When Mr. Philipe had finish'd the service of the day, he continued in the Pulpit as his custome is where there is any Parish business to be done, the first thing he did, was to demand the Register of Christenings to be delivered up to him out of ye Clerk of the Vestry' hands, and in case he refused to do it, he would excommunicate him; he was pleas' d to say this with a rage very unbecoming the place, which made me intreat him to have a little patience till the dispute should be ended, whether the Register should be in the Vestry's Custody or his; I assur'd him that the Vestry had no intention either to encroach upon his Rights or to give up their own, and therefor desir'd to inform themselves more fully of that matter; upon this, he flew out into a gretter pasion than before, and frankly told us that he acknowledg'd no Vestry there was, neither would he have the people acknowledge any. Immediately after his nameing the People, sevarol of his party, and particularly Lacaze and Michel, stood up, and in the Church took the liberty to utter many injurious things against me and the last prest thro' the whole congregation to get up to the place where I was, and then catching me by the coat, he threatened me very hardly, and by his Example, several of the crowd were heard to say, we must assassinate that damn'd fellow with the black beard, and that Bougre de Chien ought to be hanged up out of the way, and several other violent Expressions, not very proper for the Church. The s'd Philipe in the mean time, was so far from endeavouring to appease their tumult, that 'twas observed he did his best to inflame it, and was ____ lowder and more outragious than anybody. I thought it now my duty as a Justice, to command the peace, putting the people in mind of the day and occasion, and the place where they were, but all to little purpose; the Queen's name had no effect upon them. When I found matters in that dangerous condition, I thought it prudent to withdraw, and when I came to the Church door, I told Mr. Philipe 'twas visible that he had fomented that sedition, and therefore he was a seditious person, and even the Chief of the Seditious. This is the naked fact as it happened, which I am ready to prove to your honours by sufficient testimony, which, if I do, I have the confidence to hope I need no further Justification.

 And then, as far as his petitioning for an Order for Chooseing a new Vestry at Monocantown, I humbly beg leave to represent to your honours the unreasonableness of that Petition.

 Not long after the erecting Monocantown into a Parish, the Parishioners were assembled to elect a Vestry, and the Plurality of voices fell upon the following persons:

Jacob Amonner, Jean Guerin Pierre Chastain, 
Abra. Soblet Jacque Lacaze Jean Farcy, 
Jacques Brotisse Abra. Remy Jean Foniuelle, 
Louis Outartre, Andre Aubry Abra. Salle.

 Vestry of Monacanlown Parish

 In that election the Law of this Country was punctually observ'd; the persons were 12 in number, and were chosen by the Major part of the Parish, called together by Mr. Philipe for that purpose; they were not chosen for one year, according to the electing Elders in france, w'ch Mr. Philipe would insinuate, but were chosen as a lawful Vestry, and for several years have been own'd as such, even by Mr. Philipe himself, and he has always apply'd himself to them for his Salary; they have been called Antiens because the French have no other word in their language for a Vestryman, and it has never been questioned by any one whether this were a legal Vestry or not, till lately that the Sr. Philipe, upon a quarrel he's had with some particular member of it, would get this Vestry quashed, to introduce his onne Creature that will be ready to Sacrifice . . . of the parish to his extravagance and arbitrary humour, if....


Present the Hon' ble Lieut.-Governour in Councill. On Reading at this Board a Petition of Abraham Sallee and Claude Phillipe de Richbourgh, in behalf of themselves and other French Refugees, Inhabitants of the Mannakin Town, setting forth: "That at their first arrival there was granted for the Settlement of the said Refugees a Tract of Ten Thousand acres of Land, to be laid out according to the rate of a hundred and thirty-three acres to each Family. That the said Refugees did settle upon some part of the said Land, and had about five Thousand Acres then laid out and divided among them; but the said division having Regard to the particular Settlement, so as to give to every man the proportion.... adjoining to his House, and therefore proposing that a more equal distribution of the said land may be made, and that those who have not their full proportion in the first Five Thousand Acres may have the same made up out of the last Five Thousand Acres, laid out and appropriated for the aforesaid Settlement.

 This Board, taking the said Petition--with the proposals therein contain' d--into consideration, have thought fitt to Order that the Land above mention'd be laid out and distributed in manner following (vizt): That all such heads of Families, and their Representatives as have been constantly resident at the said Manakin Town from the first Settlement, shall, in the first place, draw Lotts, and, according to the priority of their Lotts, shall have liberty to choose ; And shall Accordingly have as much Land laid out for them respectively in the last five Thousand Acres as will, with the land they have already, make up their full complement of 133 Acres to each Family. That all persons that have come in since the first Settlement, and have been constantly Resident at the Mannakin Town since their first Coming, shall, in the next place, draw Lotts, and, according to the Priority of their said Lotts, shall have their proportion of Land in the last 5,000 Acres to compleat with what they have already, the quantity of 133 Acres to each Family. And, in the last place, such as have deserted the said Settlement, and afterwards returned to Inhabit there, shall, in like manner, draw Lotts, and be preferr'd to the choice of Land in the last 5,000 Acres, to make up their Complement of 133 Acres for each respective Family, according to the priority of their Lotts. And it is Ordered, that the Surveyor of the county of Henrico do lay out the said respective proportions of Land at the charges of the Person desiring the same. In which he is hereby directed and required to take care that the breadth of the several Shares of Land bear a due proportion to the length. and that no small slips of Land be left between the Lotts that may not be useftill or fitt to be taken up by any Other Person.

 And in case it shall be found that any Person hath, in the first five Thousand Acres of Land, more than the said proportion of 133 Acres, and his next Neighbour hath not enough, that such Neighbour shall have the Overplus Added to his Lott to make his said lott the Number of 133 Acres, and if any Improvements be made upon the same, the Owner of that Lott, to which it is added, shall pay to the other the value the said Improvements shall be appraised at.

 And it is further Ordered, that such of the French Refugees as have bought the Plantations, or dividents of any other of the said Nation in the first 5,000 Acres, shall have and enjoy the same without prejudice to such Purchaser, to hold the Land due to him for his own share, and to take up as much more as will make his said Share the Compleat quantity of 133 Acres.

 Provided, That no Person who hath sold his proportion of the first 5,000 Acres shall be Intitled to take up any more of the second 5,000 Acres than he should have had in case such Sale had never been made. And if any Person hath already Settled upon the last 5,000 Acres of Land, and hath made Improvements thereon, such Person shall have his whole quantity of 133 Acres laid out in the last 5,000, provided there be sufficient over and above the Proportion due to the other Inhabitants, and there be not, then the Houses and clear'd grounds of such Persons shall be reserved to him as part of his Proportion to the said Tract of Land.

 And whereas, divers of the first heads of Families settled at the Mannakin Town are since dead, it is Ordered that the Heir or Children of the Deceas'd (if any be), and if not the Widdow, shall have and Enjoy the divident Allotted or which ought to be Allotted . . . . head of Family be dead without Heir or other Representatives, his Share or Proportion of the said Lands shall be confirmed to such person or persons (being of the same Nation) as are now in possession thereof. And to the end the Surveyor of Henrico county may be the better Enabled to Sett out and Assign to each particular person his share of the said land, it is Order'd that Mr. Robert Bolling, who Surveyed the first 5,000 Acres, do grant Certificates of the Bounds and quantities of the several lotts unto the Persons for whom he setts out the same, and to such as claim under them, without demanding any fee or reward, he having been already paid for the same out of his Majestie's Revenues. And if it shall happen that any person shall be contented with less than 133 Acres, so that there shall remain any quantity of land not taken up after the several Allottments above mention'd, it is hereby declar'd that such Overplus land shall be granted to any other French Refugees as shall hereafter come to settle at the Mannakin Town, for the Encouragement of the said settlement. And the Surveyor of the said County of Henrico is hereby ordered and required to lay out the lands aforesaid, having due regard to Rules and directions herein before sett down, and in any case any dispute or controversie shall arise among the said Refugees in the distribution of their several shares of Land, The Hon' ble the Lieut. Governour, with the advice of the Councill, doth hereby Authorize and Impower Cob. Wm. Randolph and Mr. Richard Cocke, of Henrico county, to hear and determine the said disputes, And in case they find any difficulties, that they Report the same specially to the Lieut. Governour for his final determination therein.

 [Copia.] WM. ROBERTSON, Cl' k Co'n.